At this time of year you can usually find me either grubbing around in the garden and hedgerows collecting herbs or in the kitchen infusing, decocting and generally making remedies for the year ahead.
Today was a catch up day. I have several tinctures that are ready to be bottled up. A tincture is a simple method to harvest the medicinal qualities of a herb. All you need is the herb itself and base solvent. The most common solvent is alcohol as it has the ability to dissolve almost all the constituents of most plants and acts as a preservative at the same time. If you prefer not to use alcohol then vinegar or glycerine can be substituted. Vodka is my preferred tincture solvent, a minimum of 37-40% proof. I have bought much stronger vodka in Romania and Latvia where is was quite reasonably priced compared to the UK.
The common home method for making a tincture is to fill a small jar with the chopped herb and cover with the solvent liquid. There are guidelines for different ratios of herb to solvent (see Hoffmann or Bartram for details). I tend to use the common method but I do make a note of the strength of alcohol used.
Earlier this summer I had put aside :
- Lemon balm
- Mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris)
- Hawthorn leaves
- Dandelion leaf and root
- Lemon balm and basil in witchazel
So much of this morning was spent bottling up and labelling. I add the plant (Latin name if there is a risk of confusion), date of bottling, solvent and place the plant was harvested.
The first three (turmeric, ginger and chilli) are part of my personal treatment for muscular strain in my upper arms/shoulders as a result of hypermobility. I’ve made a very effective salve using these three ingredients and was interested to see if the tincture taken internally was as effective. I’ll do a post on the salve later this month.
Chickweed and lemon balm are both exceptionally good for skin irritations. Mugwort is bitter tonic and helps with digestive disorders, stimulating bile production whilst also providing a carminative action reducing gas in the digestive system. Hawthorn (more commonly the berries but also the leaves, I shall harvest the berries later in the year) and Motherwort are both cardiac tonics and whilst everyone knows dandelion as a diuretic few also know that it is an excellent source of potassium thus negating the need for potassium supplements required when synthetic diuretics are prescribed. (See Bartram or Hoffmann for detailed information on the herbs listed). Finally some of you will remember the lemon balm and basil witchazel tincture as the basis of my first attempt at home made insect repellent. I’ll let you know how it works!
The lemon balm infusion was ready to be turned into a salve.
- 60 ml Lemon balm infused oil
- 6 mg beeswax granules
Add both ingredients to a bowl over a pan of gently simmering water and stir until the beeswax is melted. Pour into clean jar and leave with the lid off until the salve is solid.
Now, I have to bottle up the rest of the tinctures and get out in the garden and do some more harvesting, the sage and verbascum are vast and the mint needs my attention!
Love Gillie x